Know which are the deadliest and most poisonous snakes in India

Snakes are cold-blooded. July weather is favourable for them to come out. The temperature between 22 to 32 degrees suits them. They come out to eat frogs, rats etc. From July to September, they are easily seen in the forest and surrounding population. Meanwhile, it is a myth that there is a tradition of feeding milk on Nagpanchami for the protection of snakes. Snakes go to burrows in the month of October.

Know which are the deadliest and most poisonous snakes in India
Know which are the deadliest and most poisonous snakes in India

Most Deadly and Venomous Snakes

By the way, there are many snakes all over the world. But do you know which snakes in India are most poisonous, and whose attack can cause fatal damage to you, then let us know about the 10 most deadly and poisonous snakes found in India.

1. Indian Cobra

Russell Viper

The Indian cobra is a very venomous snake species of the genus Naja of the family Elapidae found in the Indian subcontinent. Apart from India, it is found in many countries including Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Southern Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. Rats are its main diet, due to which it is found more around human settlements, in fields, plains, dense and open forests and in the outer parts of urban areas.

The Indian cobra is a medium-sized heavy-bodied snake, whose length can range from 3 to 5 feet 1 meter to 1.5. Some species of Sri Lanka grow from about 2.1 m to 2.2 m but this is rare. The head of the Indian cobra is elliptical in shape. It has a short and round snout with large nostrils. Eyes are medium size with round pupils.

Indian Cobra is also known as “Nag” in India. Indian cobra snake is worshipped in India, and every year thousands of people die due to its bite in India. In Indian cobra, powerful neurotoxins are found in deadly poisons called synaptic neurotoxin and cardiotoxin, its poison paralyzes the nervous system of the victim. Paralyzes the body. Due to its bite, foam starts coming out of the mouth and the light of the eyes becomes blurred.

2. Russell Viper

Russell Viper

Russell’s viper is a venomous ancient viper found throughout Asia. Apart from the Indian subcontinent, it is found more in the southern parts of China and Taiwan in Southeast Asia. This species is found in many countries India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, China, Taiwan and Indonesia. Russell’s Viper is also known by many other common names, such as Daboia, Chain, Indian Russell’s Viper, Common Russell’s Viper, Chain Snake, Seven Pacer etc.

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Russell’s Viper is also known as ‘Koriwala’ in India. Russell’s vipers have a maximum total length of 5.5 ft (166 cm) and an average of 4 ft (120 in). Russell’s Viper is found in plains, savannahs, thickets, dense forests, and grassy or bushy areas. They also take shelter in old termite mounds, crevices of rocks, and heaps of leaves. It gives children directly, it gives 30 to 40 children at a time.

This very angry snake is capable of a lightning-fast attack. Its poison freezes the blood. A variety of symptoms are experienced including pain, blisters and swelling at the site of its bite, vomiting, dizziness, and kidney failure. Russell’s viper mainly eats small mammals, squirrels, land crabs, scorpions, birds, lizards, frogs etc. Due to its bite, about 25,000 people die every year in India.

3. Indian Crate

Indian Krait is a poisonous species found in the Indian subcontinent. Also known as Indian krait, common krait and blue krait. This white-striped snake is found in India, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia. It is said about the Indian Krait that it emits so much poison that one bite can kill 60 people. There are 12 species of this snake.

The Indian krait has an average length of 0.9 m (3.0 ft) but can grow up to 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in). It is generally black and blue in colour. It also eats small mammals and insects, such as rats, frogs, scorpions, lizards etc. The krait is nocturnal. The teeth of the Indian krait are very fine. Krait venom contains potent neurotoxins.

On its bite, a person usually complains of severe stomach cramps. After the bite of an Indian krait, a person dies in about four to eight hours if treatment is not received. According to media reports, about 10,000 people die due to its bite.

4. King Cobra

King Cobra

King Cobra South Asia Air is found in South-East Asia (India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia etc.). King cobra is known for its size and deadly sting. The length of the king cobra is up to 18 feet (5.5 meters), and they are long in all poisonous snakes. Their weight can reach up to 20 kg.

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In case of danger, it spreads its hood so that it can show itself bigger. It lifts itself up to 6 feet above the ground. King cobra’s venom affects the nervous system of the bitten creature. Due to this effects like fainting, blurring of eyesight and paralyzing the body are visible. With one bite of this, about two teaspoons of poison leave the poison in the body of its victim. Which can kill a normal person in 30 minutes.

King cobra’s food mainly includes frogs, lizards, grasshoppers, rats, birds etc. The main part of the king cobra’s food is other snakes. Where other snakes are more active during the night, the king cobra is active during the day. The King Cobra is the only snake that builds a nest. King cobras are experts in climbing heights, they are also experts in swimming.

5. Saw-Scaled Viper

Most Deadly and Venomous Snakes

Saw-scaled vipers are relatively small snakes with a length of 12–20 inches as adults and grow up to 3 inches at birth. It is one of the four big poisonous snakes found in India. It is a genus of venomous vipers found in arid regions of Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka.

In India, these snakes are found in rocky areas of Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. These snakes live under rocks, under the bark of trees or in thorny bushes. Saw-scaled vipers are called birds, snakes, lizards, amphibians, scorpions and insects etc.

Its angry, irritable and extremely aggressive nature and its deadly poison power make it very dangerous. Its poison is so dangerous that due to its bite, a person dies within half an hour. As soon as it bites, the blood and blood pressure start falling rapidly. Saw-scaled viper bites account for about 5,000 deaths annually in India.

6. Indian Pit Viper

Indian pit viper is also known as “bamboo viper” or tree viper in India. It is found in the southern part of India. These snakes are usually of bright green colour. These common tour bamboo pit vipers usually live in bamboo groves and forests near streams. These dry pits are also found in the forest. Indian Pit Viper is mostly found on the Western Ghats of India.

These are called small birds, frogs and lizards etc. Female pit vipers give birth to 6 to 11 young, whose length is up to 4.5 in (110 mm). Snakes are born fully developed, they have to take care of themselves.

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7. Malabar Pit Viper

close up photograph of a sri lankan pit viper
Photo by Andreas – on

Malabar pit viper is also known as rock viper. It is found on rocks and trees near streams in South Western India. It is the most efficient poisonous snake, its poison mainly affects the blood and muscles of the victim. They live in dense forests, mainly on trees. A pit viper is a slow-moving snake and nocturnal. It relies on camouflage for protection.

The diet of Malabar pit viper consists of small mammals such as rodents, lizards, birds and frogs. The female gives birth to 4 to 5 children, this snake also has a speciality because other snakes lay eggs. The eggs develop inside the mother’s body, surrounded by transparent bags called membranes. The Malabar pit viper is nocturnal and is usually inactive during the day.

8. Bonded Karat

Banded karait is also known as striped karait. Banded krait is identified by its alternating yellow crossbands and its triangular body cross-section. The longest banded karait measured was 2.25 m (7 ft 5 in). But the commonly encountered length is 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in). This snake is found in India, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia.

It is found in forests agricultural land, crates tied in houses, termite mounds and near water. It often lives near human habitation. Effects of its poison include vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea and dizziness. In severe cases, respiratory failure can occur and death can occur from dam suffocation.

It preys on small insects and other small creatures. Apart from this, by eating non-poisonous snakes, and keeping their number under control, they contribute significantly to biodiversity.

9. Bamboo Pit Viper

The bamboo pit viper is a venomous pit viper species of snake which is found only in South India. Its upper parts are usually bright green, light yellow, brown and purple in colour. It can grow up to a length of 3.25 ft (0.99 m). The length of the tail is 5.5 inches (14 cm). It is also known as Bamboo Pit Viper, Indian Tree Viper, Bamboo Snake, Indian Green Tree Viper, Green Tree Viper and Bamboo Viper.

It is found near bamboo trees, forests and rivers. They feed on lizards, frogs, birds etc. The female bamboo pit viper gives birth to 6 to 11 young, which are up to 4.5 in (110 mm) in length. Snakes are born fully grown and have to take care of themselves.

Which is the deadliest and most poisonous snake?

The most poisonous snake is the Indian cobra, whose bite kills people in half an hour.

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